Disappearance of Moral Knowledge
(There's a recommendation for how non-philosophers may want to approach the book in our Willard Legacy Update #4.)
A description of the book in Dr. Willard’s own words:
This book deals with the disappearance of morality from the accepted fields of knowledge over the last one hundred years. Thus it deals with a historical and social phenomenon, but one that is substantially philosophical. Accordingly, it is mainly devoted to Nineteenth and Twentieth Century changes in the philosophical understanding of knowledge and of morality, as these have developed in and around the universities and have influenced the self-understanding and social orientation of the institutions of knowledge in Western culture.
To say that moral knowledge has disappeared is not to say that it does not exist, nor to claim that no one has any moral knowledge. To be sure, such claims are a part of the story. But it is to say that knowledge of the moral life and of its conduct is not routinely available, to individuals or groups, from the social institutions long thought to be responsible for it or from other sources.
The moral life itself, with its beliefs, sentiments, traditions, attacks and counter-attacks, is running at full force. If anything, it is more volatile—more dangerous, perhaps—than ever, though it is often mislabeled “political.” This volatility may be in part due to the fact that it is no longer regarded as an area where we are responsible to knowledge. Whether or not an arena of life is regarded as a domain of knowledge makes, as we shall see, a huge difference with respect to our conduct in it. To be without routinely available knowledge with respect to what is good and evil, right and wrong, obligatory or morally admirable or not, might easily be seen as a sweeping social and personal disaster, or the cause of such, when coolly viewed from a rational perspective. But we now are accustomed to the lack and do not see how most of the evils we deplore in the contemporary world might be rooted in it.
The book concludes with some reflections on what our life together and our individual existence might look like if they were guided by publicly accessible knowledge of moral distinctions based upon (though extending beyond) the claims of face to face presence of human beings to one another.
To learn more, we invite you to read Dr. Willard's Preface, visit the publisher's website to read abstracts of each chapter and download a PDF containing the beginning of the book through chapter one, and watch Dr. Willard's lecture on "Moral Knowledge: The Thoughts and Intents of the Heart" for a good overview of this topic:
Edited and Completed by:
Steven L. Porter is Professor of Theology and Philosophy at Biola University. He earned his Ph.D. in Philosophy from USC in 2003 under the direction of Dallas Willard. His previous publications include Restoring the Foundations of Epistemic Justification: A Direct Realist and Conceptualist Theory of Foundationalism and Neuroscience and the Soul: The Human Person in Philosophy, Science, and Theology .
Aaron Preston is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Valparaiso University. He earned his Ph.D. in Philosophy from USC in 2002 under the direction of Dallas Willard. His previous publications include Analytic Philosophy: The History of an Illusion , and Analytic Philosophy: An Interpretive History.
Gregg A. Ten Elshof is Professor of Philosophy at Biola University. He earned his Ph.D. in Philosophy from USC in 2000 under the direction of Dallas Willard. His previous publications include Introspection Vindicated, I Told Me So , and Confucius for Christians.
Please Note: These three philosophy professors were doctoral students working with Dr. Willard during the beginning years of his work on this book. They all stayed in close contact with him after graduating from USC, and have had many discussions with him about the disappearance of moral knowledge. Just before Dallas's passing, they extended an offer to help him complete the book and he responded, "Now, THEY could do it!"
Chapters 1-5 were written entirely by Prof. Willard.
Chapter 6 is about 40% Prof. Willard and 60% the editors.
Chapter 7 was written entirely by the editors.
Chapter 8 consists entirely of Prof. Willard's writing, but drawn from a number of sources, complied and organized by the editors.
The editors' work on chapters 6-8 was guided by Prof. Willard's own plans for those chapters, insofar as they were known, and their contributions are clearly distinguished from Prof. Willard's through the use of boldface type. The editors explain how they went about their work beginning on p. xv of their Introduction, which can be read in the "preview PDF" posted by the publisher.
The high price of this volume reflects the fact that it is a high-quality, hardback edition intended for use in University libraries. A more affordable paperback edition is expected within 2 years. This is now standard practice in academic publishing, which operates quite differently from non-academic publishing.
The Disappearance of Moral Knowledge by the late Professor Willard is a major contribution to the history of twentieth century analytic ethics as well as an incisive analysis of the possibility of moral knowledge. Porter et al. have done magnificent editorial work and have facilitated an invaluable contribution to the literature. This book surely will stand out as one of the most important contributions to the epistemology of ethics.
— John H. Dreher, University of Southern California , USA
(New York: Routledge University Press, 2018) 420 pp, ISBN-10: 113858925X, ISBN-13: 978-1138589254.
Foreword by Scott Soames
Chapter 1: Moral Knowledge Disappears
Chapter 2: A “Science of Ethics”?
Chapter 3: G. E. Moore : From Science of Ethics to Nihilism
Chapter 4: Emotivism : The Erasure of Moral Knowledge
Chapter 5: A Rational Form of Noncognitivism? “Rational Necessity” Relocated
Chapter 6: A Consensus of Rational People : Social Constructionism in Rawls
Chapter 7: Practices, Traditions and Narratives : Social Construction in MacIntyre
Chapter 8: Prospects for a Return of Moral Knowledge