Ontology of Knowledge

What are the constituents (parts, their properties and interrelations and relations to other things) of knowledge, as act (event) and as condition (disposition)?  How is knowledge and its constituents positioned in reality as a whole?


Knowledge as condition: A has knowledge of B provided that A has the ability to represent B as B is, on an appropriate basis of thought and experience.


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Ontology of Knowledge

This course includes discussion of the following topics:

  1. What knowledge is. Preliminary characterization of knowledge as condition.
  2. How epistemology or the theory of knowledge has developed to now
  3. The profound significance of knowledge and the possession of knowledge for human life.
  4. The prospects of an account of consciousness which allows us to know things as they are "in themselves."
  5. The three objective presumptions about cognitive experiences: transcendence, lawfulness and community over against the obviously subjective aspects of experience.
  6. Concepts.
  7. The nature of "fulfillment."
  8. Foundationalism.
  9. Why we believe. What justifies belief.
  10. "Experiential anchoring" and "explanatory integration."



  1. Susan Haack, Evidence and Inquiry
  2. J.-F. Lyotard, The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge
  3. Hilary Putnam, Reason, Truth and History


Dallas Willard, Knowledge
Sections of Willard, Logic and the Objectivity of Knowledge


Click the "Download" link for the complete 9-page syllabus.