Are Reason and Spirituality Compatible?

April 11, 2012
Socrates in the City - New York City

Can reason and spirituality coexist harmoniously? Dallas tackles the compatibility of rational thought and spiritual beliefs. This discussion, set against the backdrop of a society increasingly polarized along lines of faith and empiricism, launches into the essence of what it means to lead a life enriched by both intellectual rigor and spiritual depth. 


Are Reason and Spirituality Compatible?

The question Socrates relentlessly pushed upon his fellow citizens, was “How should we live?” He understood that only the correct deployment of reason and spirituality, in cooperation with each other, could answer that question. They are not only compatible, they are made to work together, and if they don’t human life falls into chaos. Today, of course, historical forces have forced them apart and in opposition to one another. “Spirituality” is a matter of feeling, ‘faith’, and arbitrary decision. And, sure enough, chaos has descended. A deadly opposition of faith and knowledge now reigns. Socrates famously said that “the unexamined life is not worth living.” 

Taking this as a starting point, Eric Metaxas thought it would be valuable to create a forum that might encourage busy professionals in thinking about the bigger questions in life. Thus "Socrates In The City: Conversations on the Examined Life" was born. Dallas was honored to be invited to participate in these conversations as a guest lecturer on April 11, 2012. 

Are Reason and Spirituality Compatible?


  • Compatibility of Reason and Spirituality: Dallas not only argues that rational thought and spirituality can coexist harmoniously, they also enrich each other when properly understood and applied.
    Essence of Spirituality: Dallas elaborates on spirituality as more than just religious belief, describing it as a broad domain encompassing self-awareness, art, morality, and personal experience. This perspective opens up spirituality to rational examination and appreciation.
  • Role of Institutions: Highlighting the influence of educational and religious institutions, Dallas discusses how these bodies can bridge the gap between reason and spirituality. He advocates for a more inclusive approach to knowledge that embraces spiritual insights alongside empirical evidence.
  • Importance of Knowledge: A key point in Dallas's presentation is the assertion that knowledge, grounded in evidence and reason, is essential for understanding spirituality. This challenges the notion that faith and reason are mutually exclusive.
  • Nature of Belief and Evidence: Dallas encourages a thoughtful examination of beliefs, whether spiritual or secular, through the lens of evidence and reason. He poses that genuine belief in spiritual truths should withstand rational scrutiny and be supported by personal experience and logical analysis.
  • Impact on Personal Life and Society: The talk underscores the potential for a harmonious blend of rational thought and spiritual beliefs to enrich individual lives and, by extension, society. Dallas posits that embracing both could lead to a more fulfilled existence and a more compassionate, understanding world.

    Learn more about Socrates in the City